Tabassum Fatima Hashmi (born 4 November 1971), known by the mononym Tabu, is an Indian film actress primarily working in Hindi films, in addition to Telugu, Tamil, Malayalam, English, Bengali and Marathi films. She has won two National Film Awards for Best Actress and six Filmfare Awards, including a record four Critics Awards for Best Actress. In 2011, the Government of India awarded her with the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian honour of the country.
Tabu's critically acclaimed performances include Maachis (1996), Kaalapaani (1996), Kadhal Desam (1996), Virasat (1997), Hu Tu Tu (1999), Kandukondain Kandukondain (2000), Astitva (2000), Chandni Bar (2001), Maqbool (2003), Cheeni Kum (2007), Haider (2014), Drishyam (2015) and Andhadhun (2018). She has also played leading and supporting roles in several commercial successes, including Coolie No.1 (1991), Vijaypath (1994), Ninne Pelladata (1996), Saajan Chale Sasural (1996), Chachi 420 (1997), Biwi No.1 (1999), Hum Saath-Saath Hain (1999), Hera Pheri (2000), Jai Ho (2014), Golmaal Again (2017) and De De Pyaar De (2019). Her international projects include a leading role in Mira Nair's drama The Namesake (2007) and a supporting role in Ang Lee's highly successful adventure film Life of Pi (2012).
Tabassum Fatima Hashmi was born to Jamal Hashmi and Rizwana in a Hyderabadi Muslim family. Her parents divorced soon after. Her mother was a school teacher and her maternal grandparents were retired professors who ran a school. Her grandfather, Mohammed Ahsan, was a professor of Mathematics, and her grandmother was a professor of English Literature. She went to St. Anns High school in Hyderabad. Tabu moved to Mumbai in 1983 and studied at St. Xavier's College for two years.
She is the niece of Shabana Azmi, Tanvi Azmi and Baba Azmi and the younger sister of actress Farah Naaz. She speaks Telugu, Hindi, English, Bengali, Marathi, Spanish, little bit of French, Tamil and Malayalam.