S. Abdul Rahman (Tamil: அப்துல் ரகுமான்; 9 November 1937 – 2 June 2017) was a Tamil poet from Tamil Nadu, India. He was known by the title Kaviko (lit. Emperor among poets). He was ex-chairman of Waqf board of Tamil Nadu.
Abdul Rahman was born in Madurai in 1937 and died on June 2, 2017. He was a professor of Tamil for 29 years at Islamiah College, Vaniyambadi. He belonged to the Vanambadi literary movement.In 1999, his poetry collection Aalapanai won the Sahitya Akademi Award for Tamil. In 2009, he was made the chairman of the Wakf board of Tamil Nadu. He was also a member of the Tamil Language Promotion Board of the Central Institute of Classical Tamil.